Saturday, April 21, 2018

Soros in Romania - by jacob Grandstaff: Capital Research Center

Soros in Romania: Part 7 How Soros’ open society allies use U.S. democracy promotion for political power Featured Image by Jacob Grandstaff FEBRUARY 21, 2018 Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Print this Page Soros in Romania (Full Series) Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7 | Part 8 In June 2017, President Donald Trump committed to uphold Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) during a Rose Garden press conference with Romanian President Klaus Johannis. Trump had declined to make the commitment a month earlier at the NATO Summit. His straightforward answer in response to a question by reporter Ramona Avramescu reassured Europeans who depend on the American taxpayer for their defense. “In under a minute,” led Buzzfeed, “a modest reporter from Romania managed to do what the leaders of 27 countries and President Donald Trump’s own staff couldn’t.” But mutual defense in NATO was not the only commitment that the Romanian reporters sought to secure from Trump that day. Johannis called next on reporter Cristian Pantazi. Pantazi reminded Trump of his earlier mention of the anti-corruption fight in Romania—which Trump must have made in private. “Is your administration going to support the anticorruption fight in Romania, and how can you do it?” But what elected official would not wish well to an ally’s fighting corruption? Or improving its infrastructure, or building better schools? “We support very strongly Romania,” Trump answered. “And therefore—obviously, we do support that fight.” But that wasn’t quite strong enough. Another reporter quickly took the microphone and asked Trump if he felt corruption was a problem for the American investor. “We still have corruption despite this anticorruption fight.” Their implication rang all too obvious. Trump should help Johannis get rid of all the corrupt, Romanian politicians if he cares about American investors—that’s just common-sense imperialism. Writing for a news source from Johannis’s hometown, Pantazi later declared victory. Johannis obtained from Trump and the American administration total support for the anticorruption fight … The blow to the antireform party in Romania is terrible. Trump destroyed their lie that they were trying to sell as the truth. While this may seem like odd behavior for journalists, Pantazi and his colleagues were simply asking Trump to continue the policy of his presidential predecessors. For over a decade in Romania, the United States State Department has coordinated with NGOs funded by George Soros in a pseudo-anticorruption fight that propped up a media, academic, and law enforcement elite, which have run roughshod over democracy, constitutionalism, and human rights. As we saw in Part 2 of “George Soros’ Romanian Ghosts,” President Bill Clinton’s State Department admittedly treated Soros’ Open Society Foundations (OSF) like an allied government in Eastern European affairs. During the President George W. Bush administration, Romanian President Traian Băsescu placed Soros-funded activists in key positions of his government. Băsescu sought to emulate and curry favor with the Bush administration; meanwhile, his Soros-protégé Minister of Justice Monica Macovei sought to do the same with the European Union. Although Soros opposed Bush, in a National Public Radio interview in 2005 he said he was “thrilled to see the president embrace the spreading of democracy.” He differed with the president in strategy, not goals. I’m worried about it because I think he’s going about it the wrong way. It has to be the citizens who are standing up for certain principles, and then I feel good about helping them. That’s a somewhat different approach than … imposing democracy by military means. When asked about the millions of dollars his societies receive from the State Department, he replied, “Yes… the Open Society Foundation has the same objectives as the State Department.” But who would oppose promoting democracy? That would be as reactionary and backward-thinking as opposing an anticorruption fight. Democracy promotion, like colonialism, can provide great benefits—but usually, only to the privileged intelligentsia. Political scientist Joan Roelofs draws attention to the corruption that the practice has created both in Eastern Europe and the West. Nowhere is aid a bigger business than in the Washington area, home to dozens of development groups that feed off of USAID and compete for contracts. Many of these offices are staffed by retired USAID employees skilled in writing proposals to appeal to their erstwhile government colleagues. Some employ spouses of current USAID officials. USAID has provided millions of dollars to Soros because he successfully decentralized his operations, developed reliable contacts in the target countries, and achieved his goals better than other philanthropists—even better than USAID itself. The problem lies in that for Soros, promoting his vision of an open society transcends democracy. As we will continue to see, once his organizations established themselves they actively opposed the right of people to democratically elect leaders if those leaders did not share their—and by extension—Soros’ vision. Soros views communism as the failed attempt to create a “universal closed society,” and its downfall as the opportunity to create a “universal open society.” Democracy becomes problematic if most voters choose a closed, non-pluralistic society. For instance, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus opposed Soros’ creation of a university in Prague because he understood the inevitable, universalist propaganda that would flow out of such an institution. “He believes in the pursuit of self-interest and, accordingly, he finds my concept of an open society—which requires people to make sacrifices for the common good—objectionable,” explained Soros. In my view, Klaus embodies the worst of the Western democracies, just as the pre-revolutionary Czech regime represented the worst of communism. I am opposed to both extremes. Striking that fine balance between democracy and communism, Macovei, with President Băsescu’s cooperation, launched a controversial crusade against high-level corruption in Romania, with little regard to constitutional limits, and no regard to checks and balances. After the Senate impeached Băsescu in 2007, Macovei lost her job. But she left behind newly-created, independent law enforcement agencies—most notably, the National Anticorruption Directorate (DNA), and a new class of magistrates that soon behaved as if they answered directly to Brussels and the American embassy. When Parliament attempted to check powers that Băsescu’s Cabinet had given law enforcement agencies through emergency ordinances, the U.S. embassy joined NGOs in lobbying Parliament to back down. After Ambassador Nicholas Taubman, a Bush political appointee, harshly criticized a law enforcement bill being debated in the Romanian Parliament, one legislator accused Taubman of nepotism. He noted that Romania’s strict anticorruption laws treat political appointments in themselves as acts of corruption. It soon became common practice for Romanian magistrates, and even politicians, to tattle on their political opponents to American diplomats. The embassy would carefully stress America’s policy of strict neutrality before releasing veiled statements, affirming support toward its favored policies, and by extension, its pet politicians. Most voters cared little about the opinions of foreign diplomats or foreign-funded non-profits. The statements alerted the EU, however, which held the purse strings. For example, during Romania’s interim presidency, DNA Chief Prosecutor Daniel Morar paid Ambassador Taubman a visit. The DNA was having difficulty finding evidence against Members of Parliament for corruption. “Now that they know they can be heard, they’re not talking anymore,” he complained. Worse, parliament wanted to place parameters around the agency’s interception operations. Morar made sure to thank the ambassador for the $90,000 in non-wiretapping recording devices that the U.S. Embassy had provided the DNA, and explained why he and Prosecutor General Laura Codruta Kovesi refused to appear before a parliamentary commission on wiretapping. “We are a separate power—the judiciary cannot be questioned by parliament.” He also complained to Taubman that the new Justice Minister planned to remove a DNA deputy prosecutor for perceived poor performance, ignoring that Macovei had replaced prosecutors as if initiating regime change. He even asked the embassy “to tell politicians openly to follow and respect commitments, and to stress to them that if they establish an agency to fight corruption, let it do its job.” Taubman offered to help “without interfering in the laws of Romania.” He then released a press statement emphasizing the Embassy’s support for the DNA, which he felt “helped focus the attention of other embassies, as well as the media,” to the issue. The statement prompted a host of diplomats, reporters, and even an EU Commission delegation to attend the Superior Council of Magistracy’s (CSM) hearing on the deputy prosecutor’s potential removal. When the new Justice Minister expressed lawmakers’ objections to Taubman, including that the U.S. was treating the country like Kosovo, the Embassy claimed that it “was fulfilling its legitimate diplomatic role.” In a meeting with Taubman, General Prosecutor Laura Codruta Kovesi expressed her concern about Parliamentary amendments to the country’s Criminal Code, which the interpreter labelled “criminal amendments.” The Embassy later bragged in a wire that with the help of the British Embassy, it managed to pressure Parliament to bend to its will on the Criminal Code issue. But did the DNA deserve our Embassy’s unquestioned loyalty? In Part 8 of Soros in Romania, we’ll look at how Romania’s anti-corruption fight—supported by both Soros-funded NGOs and the U.S. State Department—fared against corrupt Russian oligarchs. Tags: Communism, George Soros, Soros in Romania Soros in Romania - Capital Research Center:





Billionaire George Soros recently approved his Soros Fund Management (SFM) to trade cryptocurrency. The news uncovered by Bloomberg likely surprised many, considering Soros slammed virtual currency—bitcoin in particular—this past January at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, calling it a “bubble.”
Adam Fisher, who manages the macro investing at SFM, has not yet reportedly bought any virtual currency. But it raises the question of whether Soros approved trading it in case bitcoin proved his instincts wrong, or if attacking it formed part of an investment strategy. Since his comments, bitcoin lost more than 40 percent of its value. Many analysts blame this on proposed regulation in Asia and Europe, but Soros’s lack of confidence could have played a small role.
Bitcoin investors and countries seeking to create their own cryptocurrencies have reasons for concern that Soros could stake his next homestead in the technology. Soros won a sizeable chunk of his fortune by shorting fiat currencies. The United Kingdom’s Black Wednesday on September 16, 1992, made for his most notorious feat, which earned him the title of “the man who broke the Bank of England.” By massively shorting the pound sterling, he gained over a billion dollars in a single day. Meanwhile, millions of British citizens lost much of their life’s savings and investments as the pound fell 4 percent against the dollar. The UK was forced to pull the pound from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.
Five years later, Soros and Julian Robertson’s Tiger fund took aim at the Thai baht. The strengthening dollar to which Thailand had pegged the baht prompted a series of poor economic moves by the Bank of Thailand. Soros and Robertson moved in for the kill when the Bank ran out of money. This caused the baht’s depreciation against the dollar to reach 60 percent in less than four months.
Soros and other speculators also attacked Malaysia’s currency, the ringgit, and Indonesia’s rupiah. The ensuing economic crisis that spread throughout Southeast Asia caused millions of people to lose their livelihoods; and in Indonesia, it sparked a revolution that featured widespread looting and rape, and cost more than 1,000 people their lives.
The following year, Soros’s similar attempt to sink the Hong Kong dollar failed thanks to Hong Kong Finance Secretary Donald Tsang Yam-kuen’s counterattack. When Soros and other traders began dumping the HK dollar, Tsang Yam-kuen broke with the country’s free-market reputation and bought HK$118 billion in stocks. This allowed the Hong Kong dollar to remain pegged to the U.S. dollar and avoided an economic crash, which could have damaged the Hong Kong and China economies for years. It would have also likely reignited the East Asian financial crisis and provoked additional regional unrest.
Bitcoin is arguably harder to short than real currency because no single trader can borrow several billion dollars’ worth at once. In fact, many of the proposed regulations that drove bitcoin’s recent drop specifically limit the amount of cryptocurrency that a single investor can borrow. However, Soros could subject the cryptocurrency to repetitive shorts. If he plans to invest long, the fear that he could do to bitcoin what he did to the pound and other real currencies could eventually deflate its price enough to make for an easier, massive buy-in for SFM.
Many bitcoin investors are Millennials who came out of the anti-Wall Street and anti-banking mania that swept their generation after the Recession. Many of them see Soros as a rich guy who fears that bitcoin could one day replace his class. But unlike other investors, Soros calculates ideologically as well as financially. He told his biographer, Michael Kaufman, that he aspires to be “the conscience of the world.” For his part, he has treated “the little guy” investor as collateral damage in his crusade to rid the world of closed societies.
One of Soros’s gripes about bitcoin is that dictators can use it as a nest egg. Should he invest seriously in cryptocurrencies, he could manipulate the digital currencies of countries led by leaders of whom he disapproves. He disregards the financial security this could provide to average citizens because if governments enjoy that same security, it could insulate them from international sanctions.
Recently, several governments have either created, or expressed interest in creating their own cryptocurrencies. Venezuela’s Nicholas Maduro createdthe “Petro,” backed by the nation’s oil. After temporarily shelving plans to create a cryptoruble, Russia is looking at ways to create a supranational cryptocurrency for BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) or the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). Turkey is considering imitating Venezuela’s Petro by launching Turkcoin, based on the country’s sovereign wealth fund, Turkish Airlines, the Istanbul Stock Exchange, and Turk Telecom. Kazakhstan and Iran, have also recently considered government-created cryptocurrencies. Israel’s diamond exchange will soon release the crypto Carat next month, and Japan plans to release its own J-coin by the start of the 2020 Olympics.
Soros may see investing in risky cryptocurrencies as a way to “police” international finance markets and destabilize countries led by dictators. This sounds good only if one trusts Soros’s definition of dictatorship. It would not be inconceivable for Soros to target weaknesses in countries’ cryptocurrencies the same way he profited from exploiting national fiat currencies to weaken regimes he dislikes.
Soros’s seemingly, contradictory actions regarding cryptocurrencies should cause investors to consider his possible motivations. He could manipulate it through repetitive shorting cycles; or, he could plan to leverage his reputation to scare enough potential investors away to systematically drive the price low enough to buy enough to control it. But when Soros, who dedicates his life to promoting an ideology, eventually invests in cryptocurrencies it will likely not be to simply grow wealthier but to thwart those whose beliefs clash with his own from doing the same.


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