Thursday, March 29, 2018

How do sociopaths differ from narcissists? | Reference.com

How do sociopaths differ from narcissists? | Reference.com:



FULL ANSWER

People diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder exhibit intense, unstable emotions and have a distorted image of themselves with an inflated sense of superiority. They are often characterized as arrogant, rude and conceited.
One of the primary symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a complete lack of empathy for other people. Other typical symptoms are narcissistic behavior that exploits others for personal gain, acts of extreme selfishness and a highly exaggerated sense of self-importance. Narcissists tend to have an overblown opinion of their own skills and abilities.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder occurs in males more than females, and is estimated to occur in about one percent of the U.S. population and up to approximately six percent.


The word "narcissism" derives from a Greek myth that warns of the dangers of inflated pride and arrogance. In the tale, a young man named Narcissus sees his reflection in a pool of water. He becomes so enamored with his handsome face that he falls in love and eventually drowns while attempting to embrace himself.
Narcissism involves an exaggerated sense of self, a preoccupation with fantasies about success and power, and inflating one's accomplishments, explains Mayo Clinic. Antisocial personality disorder is identified by a disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others, claims MentalHelp.net.
People with antisocial personality disorder, formerly referred to as sociopaths, generally have a disregard for right and wrong marked by a persistent desire to exploit others, states Mayo Clinic. Using intimidation, misrepresentation and dishonesty, people with this disorder frequently violate the rights of others. They often take unnecessary risks and engage in dangerous activities. They are often involved in abusive and dysfunctional relationships.
Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by an expectation to be treated as superior regardless of achievements, according to Mayo Clinic. People with this disorder typically expect special favors and complete compliance from others. They believe that they can only associate with and be understood by equally superior people.
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