Friday, January 26, 2018

Audiobook Creation Exchange (ACX) Correct version for Reader

Audiobook Creation Exchange (ACX):






[1]Revised January 2017
[2] “Ceaușescu” is the non-modern spelling of the name.

[3] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[4] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[5] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[6] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[7] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[8] As in the case of Oceania always being threatened by eternal war alternating between Eurasia or East Asia, portrayed in George Orwell’s 1984.Cf. my article “Orwell’s 1984 and the Case Studies of Stalin and Ceausescu,” in Elitelore Varieties (Edited by James Wilkie et al.): http://elitelore.org/Capitulos/cap16_elitelore.pdf


[9] COMECON (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) dates from the January 1949 communiqué agreed upon in Moscow by the USSR (including  its 15 Constituent Republics of  Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, TurkmenistanUkraine, and Uzbekistan) and its five “Independent” Satellite Republics (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The communiqué involved the refusal of all these countries to "subordinate themselves to the dictates of the Marshall Plan.”  Thus, they organized an “economic cooperation” among these “new peoples’ democracies.” (USSR born 1922, died 1991). Cf.:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Comecon
[10] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[11] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[12] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[13] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[14] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[15] Readers should be aware of a key acronym used when this paper reaches the 1990s: NPPO stands for Not-for-Private Profit Organization (usually a Foundation) which can differ from the more familiar (Non-Profit Organization (NPO). Outside the United States, the latter term tends to be wrongly understood to mean no profit be accumulated and the NPO must show a zero balance at year end. The former term (NPPO) is developed here to stress that profits may be accumulated and invested to fund future activities, as long as expenditures do not benefit private parties (except for salaries, travel, and other justified expenses as provided in, say, a Foundation’s by-laws.)

[16] Mexico’s National Lottery is a Government-run Public Charity and funder of new research.
[17] The Lottery grants to PROFMEX totaled $100,000 dollars.
[18] Jim Willkie’s statement here is quoted from my formal Interview with him, September 17, 1992, in Transylvania, based upon his experience as Consultant to the U.S. Council on Foundations. See:
Olga Magdalena Lazín, Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets,
U.S. Foundations and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society From Rockefeller’s Latin America To Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA, Classic PHD thesis, 2001), pp. 122-125. This book was published in 2016 by UCLA & PROFMEX, and it can be read freely at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html

[19] “Equivalent,” as Jim noted, means that the foreign NPPO meets (A) the test of funding at least one of the following goals” for types of projects supported Health-Education-Welfare-Human Rights-Science and Religion-Economy-Environment-Ecology-Publication-Literature-Charity; and (B) meets the test that no part of the foreign NPPOs expenditures benefit private persons-- except for payment of reasonable expenses to cover salaries, services, and goods needed by the NPPO to legitimately conduct the operations chartered in its Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws.
[20]Administered by NGO Civic Activists in each country but reporting to Soros Foundation/New York City to justify each yearly budget.

[21] The Soros Open Society Foundations in 44 countries benefit from the fact that Soros himself has lived up to his commitment since1986 (to 2016 and ongoing) to donate half of his profits ($13 billon) for their activities, his personal wealth in 2016 estimated to be $25 billion. See https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/expenditures
Also, for the details of Soros $930.7 million dollar Open Society Foundations 2016 Budget, which can be found by searching online for this title.
[23] Ibid.

[25] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[26] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[27] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[28] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[29] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[30] As in the case of Oceania always being threatened by eternal war alternating between Eurasia or East Asia, portrayed in George Orwell’s 1984.Cf. my article “Orwell’s 1984 and the Case Studies of Stalin and Ceausescu,” in Elitelore Varieties (Edited by James Wilkie et al.): http://elitelore.org/Capitulos/cap16_elitelore.pdf


[31] COMECON (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) dates from the January 1949 communiqué agreed upon in Moscow by the USSR (including  its 15 Constituent Republics of  Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, TurkmenistanUkraine, and Uzbekistan) and its five “Independent” Satellite Republics (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The communiqué involved the refusal of all these countries to "subordinate themselves to the dictates of the Marshall Plan.”  Thus, they organized an “economic cooperation” among these “new peoples’ democracies.” (USSR born 1922, died 1991). Cf.:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Comecon
[32] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[33] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[34] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[35] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[36] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[37] Readers should be aware of a key acronym used when this paper reaches the 1990s: NPPO stands for Not-for-Private Profit Organization (usually a Foundation) which can differ from the more familiar (Non-Profit Organization (NPO). Outside the United States, the latter term tends to be wrongly understood to mean no profit be accumulated and the NPO must show a zero balance at year end. The former term (NPPO) is developed here to stress that profits may be accumulated and invested to fund future activities, as long as expenditures do not benefit private parties (except for salaries, travel, and other justified expenses as provided in, say, a Foundation’s by-laws.)

[38] Mexico’s National Lottery is a Government-run Public Charity and funder of new research.
[39] The Lottery grants to PROFMEX totaled $100,000 dollars.
[40] Jim Willkie’s statement here is quoted from my formal Interview with him, September 17, 1992, in Transylvania, based upon his experience as Consultant to the U.S. Council on Foundations. See:
Olga Magdalena Lazín, Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets,
U.S. Foundations and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society From Rockefeller’s Latin America To Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA, Classic PHD thesis, 2001), pp. 122-125. This book was published in 2016 by UCLA & PROFMEX, and it can be read freely at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html

[41] “Equivalent,” as Jim noted, means that the foreign NPPO meets (A) the test of funding at least one of the following goals” for types of projects supported Health-Education-Welfare-Human Rights-Science and Religion-Economy-Environment-Ecology-Publication-Literature-Charity; and (B) meets the test that no part of the foreign NPPOs expenditures benefit private persons-- except for payment of reasonable expenses to cover salaries, services, and goods needed by the NPPO to legitimately conduct the operations chartered in its Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws.
[42]Administered by NGO Civic Activists in each country but reporting to Soros Foundation/New York City to justify each yearly budget.

[43] The Soros Open Society Foundations in 44 countries benefit from the fact that Soros himself has lived up to his commitment since1986 (to 2016 and ongoing) to donate half of his profits ($13 billon) for their activities, his personal wealth in 2016 estimated to be $25 billion. See https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/expenditures
Also, for the details of Soros $930.7 million-dollar Open Society Foundations 2016 Budget, which can be found by searching online for this title.
[45] Ibid.

----------This is the correct version. I am sending you the money. Please let me know if you can do this. Not many words added at all. Thanks, Olga olazin@ucla.edu 


This picture is from the Doctoral Graduation Ceremony, 2001.
Then on September 30th, I took the plane from Munich to Paris to take a bus to Bordeaux to meet the French family, the daughter of which, in her visit in 1990 to the Museum in Sighet, had invited me to obtain a French visa and move to stay with her on the lovely family farm outside Bordeaux.
Jim (and JP) also left the same day for Jim to arrive in time to go from the airplane to open and begin teaching his Fall Quarter class at UCLA. But he promised to call daily and return to join me again in ten weeks.
In the meantime, I made a trip to Paris to request political asylum in France, but a grey-faced judge rejected my request, saying that the petitioner must file with the help of a lawyer. 
To complicate matters in Bordeaux, the French Security Agent there was investigating me, a lone woman, as a possible spy sent by Romania to “monitor activities at the Port of Bordeaux. When he told that, if I pleased him in unmentionable ways, he would not deport me to Romania but arrange my legal status in France so that I could live him.  I immediately told Jim on his next telephone call.
      To resolve the above problem, Jim called his Paris friend Gérard Chaliand, a former visiting professor at UCLA, whose real job involved traveling the world for French Security to report on his professorial travels that took him to all continents. Gérard immediately called French Security to report on the illegal approach to me by their Agent in Bordeaux. That same day the Agent came to apologize profusely to me in the best manner that he could muster in his pitiful condition. He begged me not to have him fired for his proposition to me. I could see him looking at me in truly puzzled way that implicitly said: “Who are you? How did I make such a grave mistake in deciding that you, a lone Romanian woman, could and had the power to reach my bosses in Paris?” I took pity on him and told him that if he minded manners and watched from affair to be sure that I was always safe, he would not be fired.
          JIM RETURNS TO EUROPE DECEMBER, 1991:
HIS PLAN FOR ADVISING EASTERN EUROPEAN CIVIC SOCIETY ABOUT HOW TO GAIN GRANTS FROM U.S. FOUNDATIONS (NPPOs),[37]  WHICH HOLD THE WORLD’S LARGEST POOL OF NGO DEVELOPMENT FUNDS
Even though it was December 11, 1991, when Jim returned, France was in the midst what some in America call an “Indian Fall,” warm with colorful fall leaves still on the trees.  It was a beautifully bright “fall day” when we left Bordeaux the next day to spend some days visiting the Loire River with its many castles and incredible views.
Even during our photography of the Loire region, Jim began to outline his New Plan (now our plan) to wit:
PROFMEX Plan to Help Eastern European “Foundations”   
                 Become legally eligible to gain grants from                                       U.S. Tax Exempt Foundations following Jim’s
                 “U.S.-Mexico Model for Philanthropy.”
Indeed, Jim told me that recently when he had been in Mexico City, he received an invitation to meet with Manuel Alonso Muñoz, Executive Director of Mexico’s National Lottery,[38] who, when he heard about Jim’s U.S.-Mexico Model, invited him to meet at the Lottery’s historically famous ornate building. After an extended briefing by Jim, Manuel told him that he had already called his own good friend Ronald G. Hellman, Professor of Sociology in the Graduate School at the City University of New York, to ask him for an evaluation of Jim and his Mexico-U.S. Model for Philanthropy. Ironically, it was only then when he realized that Ron was (and is today) Jim’s PROFMEX Vice-President for Strategic Planning. With that news and Jim’s stellar briefing, Lic. Alonso asked if the Lottery could make a series of generous grants to PROFMEX in order to help fund the expansion of Jim’s Model to Eastern Europe,[39] putting Mexico into an innovative new light.
I chose to work as a Director for Research and Development for beloved PROFMEX, my organization I have worked for the past 27 years now, since I have left Romania. We were very successful in harmonizing the U.S. And Mexican NPPO (not-for-private-profit Law.)
Back in Mexico, Mr. Manuel Alonso of Mexico’s Lottery was appreciative of the fact that Jim, while serving as Consultant to the U.S. Council on Foundations, had become involved since 1990 with his Model for helping Mexican Foundations (including, for example, charities, human rights organizations, hospitals, universities, biospheres, etc.) to help them re-write their constitution and by-laws to be compatible with the U.S. tax requirement that they mirror U.S. Not-for-Private Profit Organizations (NPPOs).
The question of “mirroring” involved Jim’s explanation that:
As NPPOs, U.S. Foundations are legally responsible for controlling expenditure of funds granted to organizations that do not mirror the U.S. foundations do not want to be involved in the day-to-day activities of its grantees. Indeed, “they want to transfer “expenditure responsibility” (including misuse or illegal use of grant funds) to the recipient foundation to which they grant funds but can only do so if the grant recipient organization is deemed to have an “equivalent” legal structure to that of the U.S. donor foundation. First condition.
Here is the background, according to Jim: [40] “In order to facilitate the U.S. philanthropic activity needed during the 1970s and 1980s to help speed world development, the U.S. Secretary of Treasury and the IRS formulated provisions that resulted in changing and/or interpreting the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) to freely permit U.S. foundations to grant funds abroad, if they meet the following special proviso:
U.S. NPPOs can themselves make a legal “determination” that the foreign organization receiving the U.S. grant be “determined” to be “equivalent” to an NPPO described in Section 501(c)(3)[41] of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code.” 
         Further, Jim pointed out that, “while this proviso has worked well for big U.S. grant-making foundations that place costly offices and staff around the world (such as Rockefeller and Ford Foundations), it has worked less well for foundations that have had to send their lawyers to meet with their legal counterparts in prospective ‘equivalent organizations, the legal cost of making such a determination often reaching $25,000 [or, by 2016, much, much more] for each new organization to receive funds from the U.S. NPPO. If that determination is favorable, the U.S. NPPO can transfer funds to the equivalent organization, just as it can to any other approved U.S. NPPO, and along with the transfer of funds to the recipient organization goes the transfer of responsibility over how the funds are spent.”
Transfer of ‘Expenditure Responsibility’ from the
U.S. Donor NPPO to the Foreign Recipient NPPO.
The ability of U.S. NPPOs to avoid costly expenditure responsibility, as Jim told, is one of the factors that have helped make American grant-making foundations so important in the world. Thus, U.S. NPPOs have been enabled to avoid becoming ensnarled in accounting processes and audits, which are better done by the foreign organization that receives and administers the U.S. NPPO grant of funds.
In this manner, the U.S. NPPO is free to focus its energy on evaluating the substance of its grant programs. The ability of grant-making foundations to transfer Expenditure Responsibility to other NPPOs is the main reason that they generally prefer (and require) that their funds be granted only to approved organizations rather than to individuals or to non-approved organizations.
The above views, Jim said, does not mean that U.S. NPPOs are unable to grant funds to an organization that is not equivalent to a U.S. NPPO (or make grants to individual scholars, artists, or writers either at home or abroad), but to do so adds a complication to the grant-making process. Rather than passing on the Expenditure Responsibility (as the U.S. NPPO does when it makes grants to another NPPO or U.S. equivalent), the Expenditure Responsibility remains with the donor NPPO when it makes a grant to an organization that is not an NPPO (or its U.S. equivalent) or to an individual.
         In the unlikely case where the donor NPPO retains Expenditure Responsibility, then, Dr James W. Wilkie told me in my interview with him on September 17, 1991, the donor foundation has to concern itself with costly financial oversight involved, which may be problematic whether in or outside the United States.
ON TO PARIS AND THE WORLD TO MEET WITH      NPPO LEADERS ABOUT NEW FOUNDATIONS
        Jim and I arrived in Paris on December 15, 1991, to meet with Jim’s contacts at the American Embassy, who heard about our research and suggested that Jim meet also with their counterparts at the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City. They agreed to help begin to our new Plan to expand to Eastern Europe and Russia Jim’s successful Model for Tax-Free Flow of Nonprofit Funds, the example being what he negotiated (with the U.S. Council on Foundations and the U.S. and Mexican Treasury Departments), as analyzed above.
      It is important for me to say here that George Soros and his decentralized donations to his 41 semi-autonomous “national foundations”[42] (exemplified in Romania, Hungary, and Russia) have been built following the IRS proviso and regulations discussed above. Also, Soros’ “National Foundations” require that national Government charter the independent role as NGOs.
      In contrast, the flowering of thousands of small independent “Foundations” in Eastern Europe since 1989 has grown from groups looking for funds from the many U.S. Foundations that do not have the Soros/New York link with its Foundations in many nations, all of which operate in Soros’ closed loop. Few of these new Foundations have the Soros knowledge and financial resources to set up the By-Laws and Legal Status needed for the thousands of Foundations desiring to tap into funding by U.S. Foundations.[43]  However, since 2013, Soros’ has organized an office to work with shared Global Funds (for food, migration, etc.) outside the non-Soros frameworks to help poor areas and countries to stave off crises.
Before we left Paris on December 19, 1991, we met with France’s Secret Service officer, Prof. Gérard Chaliand to personally thank him for having made the Bordeaux Security agent reexamine his whole approach to his life. This intervention on James’s side made the security officer apologize to me for having bothered my peaceful academic life.
France has not been friendly to the new flux of immigrants from Romania and other troubled dictator’s run countries. Actually, my French hosts, the Godries’ (Muguette), and NGO leaders were not happy migrants were coming into France and were against these people to get Naturalization, or be granted a temporary stay, even if people were political refugees. They started banning the veil on Muslim women right under my nose, at the University of Michelle de Montaigne where I was taking Elitelore and Folklore courses, in Bordeaux, Province Aquitaine. French people are extremely nationalistic at this point in time. My French is super good, and I am proud of it. But it was not enough, and my experience with the nuns of the Doctrine Chrétien was of absolute importance for the big leap of faith and move to the United States. University of California in Los Angeles has always been my big dream for a Doctoral Degree in History. The nuns owned the Hostel in Bordeaux and were very affectionate and hospitable with me. We were praying together daily and supported me mentally in my first year of exile in France.
Further, with Gérard, the secret service officer, we worked out a plan to arrange for me be hired by PROFMEX, and consequentially to become a U.S. resident and obtain U.S. citizenship.
Indeed, in nine years after my arrival in Los Angeles, in October 1992, my dream came true.
Professor Gerard, who dwelled in Geopolitics), recommended that my case be handled in In Los Angeles by one of America’s most knowledgeable and effective Migration Attorneys—Cynthia Juárez Lange, today Managing Partner, Northern California, for the Fragomen Del Rey, Bernsen & Loewy LLP Legal Office located in San Francisco. Cynthia is herself an academic and personable genius.
Meanwhile in my travels with Jim in December 1991 and from March to June 1992 we met NPPO leaders in the European Union to better understand how foundations work under unique laws in each county rather than in any rational manner for the whole EU, we went to Marseilles, Nice, Villfranche-sur-Mer, Cap-Ferrat, Monaco, La Rochelle, Andorra, Sevilla, Madrid, Trujillo, El Escorial, Avila (a magnificent fortress city), and Segovia.
On September 3. 1992, we arrived at the U.S. Consulate in Paris, where the U.S Consulate in Mexico had arranged with Jim for my U.S. eligibility for residence to be issued. Also, the Mexican Consulate General in Paris issued me my residence papers to enter and leave Mexico freely, as arranged by Jim with the Mexican Consular Head Office in Mexico City, Consul Miguel Sandoval in 1990.
Before we left Europe for the USA in October 1991, we returned to Sighet on September 7, 1992, for meetings with Romanian Civic Activists. (Thus, I finally returned to Sighet after having “escaped” with Jim to France in December 1991).
From March to June 1993, we met with NPPO leaders in Budapest, Sighet, and Varna (Bulgaria), Bucharest, and St. Petersburg.
In Moscow (June 21-14, 1993), Jim appointed Professor Boris Koval as Director of the Latin American Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and therefore to be PROFMEX Representative in Russia.  Koval had invited us to Moscow and introduced us to his own Security Chief to be our translator and guide. This Security Chief was a fascinating person who had been former head of the KGB Office in Iraq, 1979-1989. He was now our chauffeur for almost a week, and took us to the Latin American Study center in Moscow. I do not trust any ex-officer, and we still enjoyed ourselves meeting new academics, and exchanging ideas in Spanish. I never really trusted Russians, no matter what other languages they were speaking; life gave me a hard-knock lesson always. Well, things turned out well as long as we were focused on Latin American Issues. We were all Latin Americanists after all, and happy to visit Mexico again. This time our Motto was Mexico And The World: Public Policyes.
Jim, who always wore his Mexican guayabera shirt with or without a suit, was seen to be “authentically Mexican” in our meetings and discussions about NPPOs. In Russia we traveled to different parts of the city to see and talk to NGOs Leaders, and experiencing daily life in Russia in 2010. The huge city had a nice festive vibe to it, with the winter cold setting in, and I have not seen any cues for food while visiting Moscow or Saint Petersburg. Too bad that Putin has reset the Cold War in 2012, and dismantled all the good not-for-profits were doing in opening up the malefic soviet system.
Some of our interviews focused on the successes of Soros Open Society Foundation--Russia (1987-2002). Other meetings with civic society followed as we learn the details about the problems of the Soros Foundations--Russia since 2003, when, under reactionary Government pressure, he was phasing out of operation active programs. According to the Soros' Foundation—Russia:[44]
     “When on November 30, 2015, Russia’s Prosecutor General’s Office classified the Soros Open Society Foundation as an “undesirable” organization, it closed the possibility of Russian individuals and institutions from having anything to do with any Soros initiative or programs… [Because it constituted] a threat to the foundations of Russia’s Constitutional order and national security….
     “Prosecutors [then] launched a probe into Soros Foundation
 activities….[45] [and in July 2015], after Russian senators approved
the so-called “patriotic stop-list” of 12 groups that required
immediate attention over their supposed anti-Russian activities, [the
following U.S. organizations] realized that they would soon be
banned in Russia: [the U.S.] National Endowment for Democracy; the
International Republican Institute; the National Democratic
Institute; the MacArthur Foundation, and Freedom House.
      The American hedge funds mogul George Soros issued from London   the following Press Release on November 302015: [46]
“Contrary to the Russian prosecutor’s allegations, the Open Society Foundations have, for more than a quarter-century, helped to strengthen the rule of law in Russia and protect the rights of all. In the past, Russian officials and citizens have welcomed our efforts, and we regret the changes that have led the government to reject our support to Russian civil society and ignore the aspirations of the Russian people.
“Since 1987, Open Society has provided support to countless individuals and civil society organizations, including in the fields of science, education, and public health. Open Society has helped finance a network of internet centers in 33 universities around the country, helped Russian scholars to travel and study abroad, developed curricula for early childhood education, and created a network of contemporary art centers that are still in operation.
“This record speaks for itself. We are honored to have worked alongside pioneering citizens, educators, and civil society organizations that embody Russian creativity, commitment, and hope.
“We are confident that this move is a temporary aberration; the aspirations of the Russian people for a better future cannot be suppressed and will ultimately succeed,” said George Soros, founder and chairman of the Open Society Foundations. Despite all efforts and money poured into NGOS, huge amounts of money donated, Soros’ counseling efforts and his organizations had been all banned from Russia in 2013.
Once with the reset of the Cold War, in 2012, when Putin was reelected as Russia’s President, Putin’s first movement was to ban all Soros organizations which were impeding his expansion onto Crimea.
The Hungarian PM has also banned G. Soros’s University and Organizations in Budapest, by calling him a traitor to the country, and all his work was labeled a “diversion”.

     Back in Mexico City for the 1994 PROFMEX Event featuring Eastern Europeans interested in the U.S.-Mexico Model for NPPOs, we convened, July 28-29, for our meeting on “Development of Mexico as seen from the World,” Co-sponsored by UCLA and Mexico’s Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología.
     This Conference was held at Mexico City’s María Isabel Sheraton, with 70 participants from Mexico and the United States, and which I co-organized with Jim
     The following invitees from Eastern Europe came from Hungary   
Zoltan Karpati, Professor of Sociology Hungary, and from
     Romania Mihai Coman, University Dean At Bolyai University.

 Roman Romulus, Consul General in Mexico
                   Alexandru Lazín, PROFMEX-- England and Romania
                   Lia Stan, Investor from Bristol, England.
       Highlights of the event came frequently as we turned our gaze from Salón A with his all-window view from the top floor to discuss the anti-government protest marches up and down Reforma Avenue past the Angel Monument below.
       Further, our group enjoyed the invitation of Mexico’s Attorney General, Jorge Madrazo Cuéllar to visit him at his headquarters where we personally discussed and raised questions about the street blockages of political protest in front of our María Isabel Sheraton Hotel.  
       In December 1997, we continued to invite world scholars especially interested in economic matters, as well as in the U.S.-Mexico NPPO Model to participate with us at the:
    The IXth PROFMEX-ANUIES Conference
         Hosted by Governor Víctor Manuel Tinoco Rubí
                        Morelia, Michoacán, México
 México y el Mundo
                                     Mexico and the World
 In December 8-13, 1997
    With hundreds of participants and Attendees from all continents,
Special Guests were invited from:
Russia:                 Boris Koval, who recalled with excitement the visit of Jim and I to Moscow in June 1993, and 2013.
China:                  Sengen Zhang
                            Hongzhu Huang
Korea:                  Kap-Young Jeong
Japan:                   Soichi Shinohara
                                        Osamu Nishimura
                             Yasuoki Takagi
Indonesia:    Lepi T. Tarmidi
Argentina:   Eugenio O. Valenciano
Bolivia:       Antonio J. Cisneros

                                                 ---------
    Jim and I have been involved with many academic activities, but those are beyond the scope of my analysis here of our role in extending PROFMEX around the globe, especially to Europe and Latin America.
    My courses at UCLA taken under Jim and Professors Carlos Alberto Torres, Richard Weiss, and Ivan T. Berend led me to the
          M.A. in Latin American Studies (1996)
                    Ph.D. in History (2001) UCLA
Here is title of my first book as sole author: http://www.Decentralized Globalization.com 2017 March 10.
The second book:
      The beautiful Angel of Independence, on the brilliant and
negative sides of Globalization book, published in Mexico, in
Spanish. My third book, co-authored with James W. Wilkie, contains images that reflect my travels with Jim:
La globalización se amplia (2011).                                         ,
These books show how U.S. Tax Exempt Organization (TEO) law has evolved to become the most important in the world owing to its flexibility. Where the laws of most countries require prior legal authorization to launch in a new direction, the United States TEO law recognizes no such limit.
     Thus, U.S. TEO law, unlike most other countries, is never trying to make legal what is already underway and working in the world. For the USA and now Mexico, both Treasury Ministries together have signed the first collaborative agreement that stands as the blueprint for global NPPOs.
     With Professor James Wilkie, I know that much researching and writing awaits us in our projects around the world…that is in bringing civil society together and organizing to counteract the abuses of dictators and bureaucracies.
    Jim and I have been involved with many academic activities, but those are beyond the scope of my analysis here of our role in extending PROFMEX around the globe, especially to Europe and Russia.
My courses at UCLA taken under Jim and Professors Carlos Alberto Torres, Richard Weiss, and Ivan T. Berend led me to the M.A. in Latin American Studies (1996) and later, I earned my Ph.D. in History (2001) at UCLA.
Once my soul settled down in Los Angeles, I started writing, and here is the title of my first book, as sole author: www.Decentralized Globalization.com, Published by Authorhouse, in 2017 March 10.
My book in Spanish, La globalización se descentraliza:Libre mercado, fundaciones, sociedad cívica y gobierno civil en las regiones del mundo (2007)by Olga Magdalena Lazín. Prologue by Professor James W. Wilkiewas published by University of Guadalajara, and UCLA.                           
My Book cover, published by Authorhouse, January 10th, 2017.
My second book, co-authored with James W. Wilkie, contains images that reflect my travels with Jim:
La globalización se amplia (2011)Olga Magdalena Lazín and James W. Wilkie. With a preface by Mexican author Rafael Rodríguez Castañeda, in 2011
And the third book: Dr Olga's American Dream Come True: Biography of A Transylvanian Expat (ISBN: 9781973562214) is on Amazon, Kindle Direct Publishing, 2017. Read on any gadget, EBOOK and paperback.
Fourth book is Civil Society in The United States, Mexico and Romania. In Paperback and Ebook, on Kindle Direct Publishing, Amazon. Readable on any device: tablet, IPHONE or Kindle.
Fifth Book: Is Soros a Philanthropist Or A Robber Barron? Is available on Amazon, Kindle Direct Publishing, 2016. Readable on all devices.
     These books show how U.S. Tax Exempt Organization (TEO) law has evolved to become the most important in the world owing to its flexibility. Where the laws of most countries require prior legal authorization to launch in a new direction, the United States TEO law recognizes no such limit.
     Thus, U.S. TEO law, unlike most other countries, is never trying to make legal what is already underway and working in the world. For the USA and now Mexico, both Treasury Ministries together have signed the first collaborative agreement that stands as the blueprint for global NPPOs.
     With Professor James Wilkie, I know that much researching and writing awaits us in our projects around the world. Years of travel and research in Costa Rica, Guatemala and Mexico came finally to fruition in my recent book, Civic And Civil Society in United States, Mexico and Romania, published in 2016.

Olga and Jim, Guadalajara, Mexico, at the International Airport, in December 7, 2016.
Writing is my second nature, and I enjoy also making my original healing oils blends myself. Starting off on the right foot, this year 2017, I created Dr Olga Essential Oils brand, my own brand of essential oils Blends. My favorite recipe is The Jesus Oil, which contains Frankincense, Myrrh, Copaiba, Manuka, and Sweet Basil.
I am highly olfactive, and always been attracted to healing oils, like for example Jesus Oil, which helped me intensify shamanic healing once in Los Angeles in contact and networking with very knowledgeable Oaxacan naturopathic doctors.
The Decentralized Globalization Book is now a best-seller on Amazon.
Here is my book review, by Authorhouse;

“New book paints globalization as more than trade, economics
Dr. Olga Magdalena Lazin discusses various aspects, effects of ‘Decentralized Globalization’
LOS ANGELES – After the fall of the Berlin Wall in Europe, Dr. Olga Magdalena Lazin was enchanted by the complexities of the globalization process and wanted to overcome ridiculous myth and propaganda that distract people from understanding the multifaceted aspects of globalism and regionalism. She writes “Decentralized Globalization” (published by AuthorHouse), is a far cry from other globalization literature in that it concentrates on the significant role that civil society and civil government play in globalization. Dr Olga’s angle is on Civic attitudes and civil society around the world.

“Decentralized Globalization” provides a fresh, multi-dimensional viewpoint on globalization. In this it is unlike other globalization literature, which tends to be written either in favor or against globalization, or highlight cross-border issues such as economic dislocation, the spread of pandemic disease, cultural assimilation, rapid decrease in transportation times, immigration, or the growth of drug-trafficking and crime cartels.

Lazin acknowledges that readers have become more knowledgeable and can now shake off the narrow views on globalization by better studying the statistical data enclosed and the facts. Her book then aids them in further understanding by explaining the anti-globalization movement. It is based on the premise that globalization is more than trade and economics.

“Decentralized Globalization” cites analysis and data proving the effectiveness of all Free Trade Agreements, especially within NAFTA. It has done a world of good. California is perfectly intertwined with the Mexican economy; the balance struck being a perfect model for the rest of the World. The race for Free Trade agreements and elimination of tariff has started long time ago with the creation of the EU, and it works.
Civic society keeps the government honest and clamors to take into account the non-governmental interest groups. E.g. to reform Constitutions. Too many countries will need to change from their judicial systems, from “guilty until proven innocent to " innocent until proven guilty". She makes a great analysis of the Amparo, in and how it affects people’s lives Mexico.

The Mexican Amparo and the legal changes are on their way, the leader of the movement, Lydia Cacho who is set to reform the Napoleonic Code in Mexico.


“Decentralized Globalization”
By Dr. Olga Magdalena Lazin
Softcover | 8.25 x 11in | 462 pages | ISBN 9781524649241
E-Book | 462 pages | ISBN 9781524649234
Available at Amazon and Barnes & Noble

About the Author
Dr. Olga Magdalena Lazin is a UCLA graduate in history. She is a published author and history lecturer at UCLA. You can access and download her books at www.olgalazin. She has been teaching history at UCLA, Cal State University–Dominguez Hills, and Cal State University–Long Beach, as well as University of Guadalajara (UDG) and University of Quintana Roo in Mexico for over 26 years. Her specialty is history of food, globalization of technology, the American Constitution and Internet history. As a hobby, she is practicing permaculture. Her radio show is accessible 24 hours a day at http://www.blogtalkradio.com/dr_olga_lazin.


Dr. Lazin and her Students at The University of Quintana Roo, in Cancun, Mexico, 2014-2016.

The Inverted fountain I like at UCLA

With my dog, Gastion @ UCLA.2017


Copyrighted Ó Olga Magdalena Lazin, 2017


Thanks for Reading this book! Dr Olga






[1]Revised January 2017
[2] “Ceaușescu” is the non-modern spelling of the name.

[3] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[4] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[5] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[6] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[7] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[8] As in the case of Oceania always being threatened by eternal war alternating between Eurasia or East Asia, portrayed in George Orwell’s 1984.Cf. my article “Orwell’s 1984 and the Case Studies of Stalin and Ceausescu,” in Elitelore Varieties (Edited by James Wilkie et al.): http://elitelore.org/Capitulos/cap16_elitelore.pdf


[9] COMECON (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) dates from the January 1949 communiqué agreed upon in Moscow by the USSR (including  its 15 Constituent Republics of  Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, TurkmenistanUkraine, and Uzbekistan) and its five “Independent” Satellite Republics (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The communiqué involved the refusal of all these countries to "subordinate themselves to the dictates of the Marshall Plan.”  Thus, they organized an “economic cooperation” among these “new peoples’ democracies.” (USSR born 1922, died 1991). Cf.:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Comecon
[10] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[11] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[12] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[13] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[14] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[15] Readers should be aware of a key acronym used when this paper reaches the 1990s: NPPO stands for Not-for-Private Profit Organization (usually a Foundation) which can differ from the more familiar (Non-Profit Organization (NPO). Outside the United States, the latter term tends to be wrongly understood to mean no profit be accumulated and the NPO must show a zero balance at year end. The former term (NPPO) is developed here to stress that profits may be accumulated and invested to fund future activities, as long as expenditures do not benefit private parties (except for salaries, travel, and other justified expenses as provided in, say, a Foundation’s by-laws.)

[16] Mexico’s National Lottery is a Government-run Public Charity and funder of new research.
[17] The Lottery grants to PROFMEX totaled $100,000 dollars.
[18] Jim Willkie’s statement here is quoted from my formal Interview with him, September 17, 1992, in Transylvania, based upon his experience as Consultant to the U.S. Council on Foundations. See:
Olga Magdalena Lazín, Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets,
U.S. Foundations and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society From Rockefeller’s Latin America To Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA, Classic PHD thesis, 2001), pp. 122-125. This book was published in 2016 by UCLA & PROFMEX, and it can be read freely at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html

[19] “Equivalent,” as Jim noted, means that the foreign NPPO meets (A) the test of funding at least one of the following goals” for types of projects supported Health-Education-Welfare-Human Rights-Science and Religion-Economy-Environment-Ecology-Publication-Literature-Charity; and (B) meets the test that no part of the foreign NPPOs expenditures benefit private persons-- except for payment of reasonable expenses to cover salaries, services, and goods needed by the NPPO to legitimately conduct the operations chartered in its Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws.
[20]Administered by NGO Civic Activists in each country but reporting to Soros Foundation/New York City to justify each yearly budget.

[21] The Soros Open Society Foundations in 44 countries benefit from the fact that Soros himself has lived up to his commitment since1986 (to 2016 and ongoing) to donate half of his profits ($13 billon) for their activities, his personal wealth in 2016 estimated to be $25 billion. See https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/expenditures
Also, for the details of Soros $930.7 million dollar Open Society Foundations 2016 Budget, which can be found by searching online for this title.
[23] Ibid.

[25] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[26] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[27] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[28] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[29] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[30] As in the case of Oceania always being threatened by eternal war alternating between Eurasia or East Asia, portrayed in George Orwell’s 1984.Cf. my article “Orwell’s 1984 and the Case Studies of Stalin and Ceausescu,” in Elitelore Varieties (Edited by James Wilkie et al.): http://elitelore.org/Capitulos/cap16_elitelore.pdf


[31] COMECON (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) dates from the January 1949 communiqué agreed upon in Moscow by the USSR (including  its 15 Constituent Republics of  Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, TurkmenistanUkraine, and Uzbekistan) and its five “Independent” Satellite Republics (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The communiqué involved the refusal of all these countries to "subordinate themselves to the dictates of the Marshall Plan.”  Thus, they organized an “economic cooperation” among these “new peoples’ democracies.” (USSR born 1922, died 1991). Cf.:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Comecon
[32] This Empire existed between 1867 and 1918.
[33] Upon Ceausescu’s death, the Patriarch Pipas mysteriously became the Museum’s “owner” and then transferred title to his son Valerian Pipas, the region’s most famous violinist.

[34] “Czechia” is rarely used in English because native English speakers too often do not know intuitively know how to pronounce it. The name Czechia has arisen as the short name for the Czech Republic, which emerged with the breakup of “Czechoslovakia” in 1992.   

[35] Jim soon arranged for the contract to be paid from his grant funds from U.S. foundations deposited for his projects at UCLA.

[36] See (A) my 2001 Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets, U.S. Foundations, and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society from Rockefeller’s Rise in Latin America to Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA Classic Doctoral Thesis) at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html 
(B) Olga Magdalena Lazín, La Globalización Se Descentraliza: Libre Mercado, Fundaciones, Sociedad Cívica y Gobierno Civil en las Regiones del Mundo, Prologue, pp. 15-166, by James W. Wilkie (Guadalajara y Los Ángeles: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2007). http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume12/1winter07/prologoporjameswilkieOLbook.html
(C) James W. Wilkie y Olga Magdalena Lazín, La globalización Se Amplia: Claroscuros de los Nexos Globales  (Guadalajara, Los Ángeles, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, UCLA Program on Mexico, PROFMEX/World, Casa Juan Pablos Centro Cultural, 2011: http://www.profmex.org/mexicoandtheworld/volume17/2spring2012/Laglobalizacionseamplia.pdf
                    


[37] Readers should be aware of a key acronym used when this paper reaches the 1990s: NPPO stands for Not-for-Private Profit Organization (usually a Foundation) which can differ from the more familiar (Non-Profit Organization (NPO). Outside the United States, the latter term tends to be wrongly understood to mean no profit be accumulated and the NPO must show a zero balance at year end. The former term (NPPO) is developed here to stress that profits may be accumulated and invested to fund future activities, as long as expenditures do not benefit private parties (except for salaries, travel, and other justified expenses as provided in, say, a Foundation’s by-laws.)

[38] Mexico’s National Lottery is a Government-run Public Charity and funder of new research.
[39] The Lottery grants to PROFMEX totaled $100,000 dollars.
[40] Jim Willkie’s statement here is quoted from my formal Interview with him, September 17, 1992, in Transylvania, based upon his experience as Consultant to the U.S. Council on Foundations. See:
Olga Magdalena Lazín, Decentralized Globalization: Free Markets,
U.S. Foundations and the Rise of Civil and Civic Society From Rockefeller’s Latin America To Soros’ Eastern Europe (Los Angeles: UCLA, Classic PHD thesis, 2001), pp. 122-125. This book was published in 2016 by UCLA & PROFMEX, and it can be read freely at http://www.profmex.org/webjournal_listedbyvoldat.html

[41] “Equivalent,” as Jim noted, means that the foreign NPPO meets (A) the test of funding at least one of the following goals” for types of projects supported Health-Education-Welfare-Human Rights-Science and Religion-Economy-Environment-Ecology-Publication-Literature-Charity; and (B) meets the test that no part of the foreign NPPOs expenditures benefit private persons-- except for payment of reasonable expenses to cover salaries, services, and goods needed by the NPPO to legitimately conduct the operations chartered in its Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws.
[42]Administered by NGO Civic Activists in each country but reporting to Soros Foundation/New York City to justify each yearly budget.

[43] The Soros Open Society Foundations in 44 countries benefit from the fact that Soros himself has lived up to his commitment since1986 (to 2016 and ongoing) to donate half of his profits ($13 billon) for their activities, his personal wealth in 2016 estimated to be $25 billion. See https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/expenditures
Also, for the details of Soros $930.7 million-dollar Open Society Foundations 2016 Budget, which can be found by searching online for this title.
[45] Ibid.

----------This is the correct version. I am sending you the money. Please let me know if you can do this. Not many words added at all. Thanks, Olga olazin@ucla.edu


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